In undergoing the process of learning, both in school and in college, of course you want optimum performance. It is important to realize that in order to get the optimal learning course is the most decisive factor in the learning process itself.
Many people assume that the learning process is a simple process. Just by reading the teaching materials (book / textbook / modules / kebetan), pay attention and listen to the explanations in class then surely achieved optimal performance. Unfortunately the reality is not so (kacian deh lu ...). If it is the case then it certainly will be many individuals who succeed in learning. If so then there will be no tutoring that emphasizes only quick ways to solve problems. And indeed they are not. Many students / students who have done the same but still less than satisfactory performance. Passive learning strategies will never give the expected learning outcomes.
Did you know that in order to achieve optimal results you need to engage the whole mind active during learning. Unfortunately, many educational institutions (both schools, especially campus tutoring) who did not develop it. For those studying adalam process where teachers teach and students receive. That and only that. Naturally then if only the quality of education of this nation a little less than other countries in the region.
Learning and thinking are two things that can not be separated. Can you imagine how the learning process is not accompanied by the thought process. Unfortunately there are still many individuals who learn like zombies. From the outside it looks like they are studying but actually they are not learning. The learning process can be analogized as a whole journey to reach the destination. While the thought is the journey itself, which should be stepped foot and the direction in which you need melangkahkannya. During the journey you need to make sure that every step coherent with each other in order to achieve predetermined goals. Because in order to achieve optimum results in the learning takes active thought, and thought is tantamount to actively think critically, it means that optimal learning requires critical thinking of the learner.
Perhaps like many others, now you ask, What is critical thinking? In the following section I outline all the steps can be done to develop the critical thinking while learning. The hope after reading this article, you do not train him but not directly apply and just waiting for a more optimal result, immediately or shortly thereafter.
1. Decide what you want to learn
To be able to engage critical thinking while studying, before you need to really know what will or want to learn. It is the same as knowing where to go before you set foot outside the house. You can do this by giving a statement about the matter. If you are easily forgotten, tips from me, follow the training / coaching Prima Memory or sheet of paper next to you and write down your goals range revelation to learn the material. You can provide a variety of simple statements like, I'm curious how the mind works when a person is in a state of hypnosis? or I wonder what is the relationship between hypnosis to increase a person's memory? Essentially all of the questions you write a statement of purpose that is short and simple.
2. Gather all resources
List all sources of information related to the material you want to control, collect afterwards. You need to open up the widest variety of resources, ranging from books, papers, articles, resources on the Internet, clippings, journals, newspapers, magazines, radio, TV, explanations teacher / lecturer, DI, wills, hemorrhoids and the other. Eliminate all your preconceptions about the material you want to learn, because the presumption you will only limit the search process regarding the surrounding material. The more resources the better you get.
Afterwards you need to find also numerous examples of applications of the things that you have learned. This stage is often missed by many individuals. As a result of their learning process is less than optimal because it makes them separate as the material being studied. They understand the material, but they do not know the application.
Various examples of applications that you meet on the field also can help you filter the information which needs to be accepted and which information needs to be rejected. When there is a mismatch between theory and application in the field you are studying this is a signal for you to begin to inquire into the self, Should I receive this information or do I need to throw it away? Doing this will strengthen your understanding of the material you are studying.
3. Ask the author of the basic assumptions
Each individual has a different understanding on a condition. And as I have previously commentator on the article through the modification value conflict resolution, none of the understanding that 100% accurate with the actual conditions occur. One of the conditions that must in critical thinking is you need to have an approach as objective as possible on things that you learn and minimize subjectivity dragged by one party, say the authors.
Similar to this article, you will need to do the same. Ask any questions you have in mind when reading this article. Even if you are required to give rebuttal to this article or other articles in a variety of on this web site. Because this web site is oriented as objective as possible, which is why I facilitate individuals through media objectivity guest book or mailing list.
4. Create a simple pattern on the material being studied.
Article in Scientific American Mind magazine volume 17, No.. 6, Venus in Response revealed that the individual's perception of beauty is more defined by simplicity. The face is simple and not complicated when considered regarded as a pretty face. And there are many other examples, explaining that the mind is more pleased with keserhanaan. I think this is one of them due to the mechanism of action of the human mind are not happy with the complexity.
Similarly, in relation to the study of learning. It's important for you to make a pattern in mind about what you have learned. You need to make things that you learn to be simple but not simplified (confused right). My point is in the process of learning you need to then form a pattern but not very important to reduce the variety of information. If you do this then your understanding of quality is sacrificed. One way to form a pattern on the things they've learned is to use a mind map (mind map). By using a mind map that you have created a pattern by looking at the whole big picture of the information that you learn, but you also know the relationship between each of such information. In addition, it is also easier for you to communicate what you learn to others.
After getting the pattern of the material you learned then the next stage is to ask back a variety of information that you have learned to your self. This is one of them aimed to activate your mind and continue to develop a variety of things that you have learned. By asking you to identify various things that you may not have mastered the material that you mastered. Ask questions that elicit a variety of terrain to enlarge your understanding, for example, How about this / that? .
Once you learn about something you certainly want to know how well your mastery. I am assuming you are learning to understand the material and not for the other orientation, such as the extent of raising the value of such. Value is a logical consequence of your comprehension. Thus reasonable if only I find it strange to hear or see ads that read educational institutions raise test scores by an average of so many or all of our graduates work directly. Does not that sound like human programming. Maybe it's crazy times right now, everything is upside down.
To find out how well an understanding, you need to restate various terms that have been studied previously. By doing this you know how far and how well your mastery over the material. To do this you can explain to someone else. But before you need to explain that the goal is to improve your understanding on the matter and not to show off your intelligence.
7. Test your abilities.
The last step of a series of critical thinking in the learning stage is to test mastery. Similar to the previous stages, this stage is one of them to find out how well your skills on the material being studied. The difference is, this stage a little more detail. There are at least five things that need to be done to test your skills, among others:
This includes providing the label (name), to identify and make a list about the material being studied. It is intended to demonstrate the variety of things that you have learned. In other words how the diversity of things that you have mastered.
This includes providing an explanation, summarized by the words of his own and many other ways. Summarizes the main by using words alone, you know how well your mastery over the material. In addition, by doing this you also incorporate the latest information with the information you have known before.
* Solve the problem
Also including an example with regard to the material you are studying. By doing this you also know that your application of the material learned.
* Compare with other theories
If you ever studied or megetahui similar material from different sources then you can do a comparison between the two. Doing this means that you also exercise power analysis.
Also including the combine and discover new theories. Terori not the only thing creating the researchers, you too can and should be doing. Develop your own theory. Thus you crystallize your understanding on the matter.
* And finally, make your recommendations
Similar to the previous step, but this step is intended for others. I think smart is characteristic; know what they want, know where to get the desired and can make others achieve like him. Moreover you read this article, I know also that you are an intelligent man so tentuya you can also help others to achieve your accomplishments anyway. You can do this either by providing recommendations on the matter in question. Tell you the the do s don ts to learn the material.
Okehh (indeed use "h"), so this article about how to develop a method of critical thinking in learning. Back again I hope I hope after you read through this article, you do not practice it, but just do it in everyday life. I wonder how fast all these capabilities together with you, now or some time thereafter.