American education system offers many options for international students. When you start the search, students can be overwhelmed in selecting a university to be addressed, what program is selected, and location. Therefore, it is important to know the educational system in America. Understanding of this system will help you to narrow down the selection studies and build your study plan.Structure of EducationPrimary and Secondary Schools.
To continue to pursue higher education, American students entering primary and secondary schools in 12 years. The years are referred to as grade (class) 1 to 12. Around the age of 6 years old, a U.S. children start of primary school, which is referred to as "elementary school (elementary school)." They enter elementary school for five or six years and then continued with the secondary school.
Secondary school consists of two programs: The first program is the "middle school" or "junior high school " and the second program is "high school". Students get a diploma or a certificate after graduating from high school. After graduating high school (grade 12), U.S. students can proceed to college (2-year college) or university. College or university known as "higher education".
"The American system is very open-ended, in Hong Kong, you just learn what the teacher writes on the board. In America, you discuss the issues and focusing on lots of ideas".Paolo Kwan, Hong KongBusiness Administration and English, Sierra College, CaliforniaLike the American student, you must submit academic transcripts as part of the registration for admission to the university or college. Eligible academic transcript is an official statement of your academic grades. In the U.S., academic transcripts including "grade (value)" and "Grade Point Average (GPA) / Index point average (GPA), which is a measure of your academic achievement. Subjects commonly assessed by using a percentage, which will be converted into the assessment letters.
Grading system and GPA in the U.S. can be confusing, especially for international students. Interpretation of assessment has many variations. For example, two students who entered a different school to send their transcripts to the same university. They both have a 3.5 GPA, but the first students entering high school are mediocre, while the second entered school students who excel. University can interpret them differently GPA value because both schools have different standards dramatically.Therefore, there are some important things to keep in mind:
- You have to search for information about the U.S. assessment commensurate with recent levels of education you have completed in your home country.
- Give more attention to the admission requirements of each university and college, as well as individual graduate programs, which may have different requirements of the university.
- Face to face on a regular basis with the educational advisor or counselor to determine whether you meet all the requirements.
Educational advisor or counselor can provide guidance to decide if you should spend the extra time to one or two years for university entrance preparation or U.S. college in meeting the requirements to enter university in their home country, some government agencies and companies are not familiar with the U.S.
Education Academic Year
Calendar classes usually begin in August or September and continued until May or June. Most of the new students start in the fall, so the international students should also start at the same time. Beginning of the lecture, a moment of fun for students. Is a moment where you will find new friends, which are all still in the adjustment to the new phase of their academic life. Most of the course is designed for students eyes to be taken in sequence, starting from the fall and then continued throughout the year.The academic year consists of two terms are referred to as "half." (Some colleges use the three-term calendar called the system "trimester"). Some of them use the quarter system of four terms, including summer session options. Basically, you do not count the summer session, the academic year consists of two semesters or three quarters term.