Characteristics Higher Education System In America

Characteristics of a U.S.A Higher Education System 

Class room
 The classes range from a large class, followed by a few hundred students to classes smaller and seminars (discussions), followed by a few students only. University classroom in America has a dynamic atmosphere. You are expected to share and defend your opinions, participate in class discussions and give presentations. International students regard this as one of the surprising aspects of the American educational system.Every week, professors provide textbooks and materials to read. You are expected to always be up-to-date so that you can participate in discussions in the classroom and understanding of the lesson. Some programs also require students to spend time in the lab.The professors give values ​​for each student to follow the course. These values ​​are typically based on:
  •     Every professor has a different class participation requirements, but students are expected to participate in the discussion, especially in the seminar class. Often this is a very important factor in determining value.
  •     Midterm exam is usually given within hours of lecture.
  •     One of the few studies or laboratory reports should be sent for evaluation.
  •     Short exam or quiz. Once upon a time a professor will give "sudden exam." Sudden exam is not a big impact in the calculation of the value, but aims to inspire students to not be left behind in the given tasks and their presence.
  •     Final exam will be held after the last class meeting.

Each course has a specific credit values. This figure has similarities with the amount of time spent in the classroom for the course every week. The courses usually have three to five credit score.Full-time programs at most universities amounted to 12 or 15 credits (four or five courses per term) and some specific courses must be taken as a requirement for graduation. International students are expected to enroll in the program full-time each term.TransferIf students apply to the new university before getting a degree, any credits earned can be used to obtain a degree in the new university. This means that students can transfer to another university and graduated in the same time. 

Types of American Higher Education
1. University or state university
 State universities supported and run by the state or local government. Every 50 U.S. states have at least one state university and some college country. Many of these universities have the name of the state, or the word "state (state)" in the name of their college: for example, Washington State University and the University of Michigan.

2. Universities or private universities
 The college is run by the private sector. Tuition fees are generally higher than public universities. Often, universities and private U.S. colleges smaller than public universities.Universities and colleges that deal with religion is a private college. This college accepts students of different religions and beliefs. But there is a small college over student expects to receive the same belief.

3. Community College (Higher Education Two Years) 
Community colleges are two-year colleges that provide associate degree (diploma) which can be transferred, as well as certification. There are many types of associate degrees, but the distinguishing factor is whether the title can be transferred or not. Typically, there are two primary title track: one for academic transfer and others to prepare students to get jobs directly. Transferable university degree generally associate of arts (arts diploma) or associate of science (science diploma). Which can not be transferred is the associate of applied science degree (diploma science applications) and certificates of completion (graduation certificate).Community college graduates in general studies transfer to bermasa college or 4-year university to obtain a degree. Because they can transfer credits completed at a community college, they can complete the bachelor's program within two years or more. Many also offer ESL or intensive English language program, which will prepare students for university-level courses.If you do not plan to obtain a degree higher than associate, you have to find out whether an associate degree will be useful to find a job in your home country.

4. Institute of Technology (Institute of Technology) 
Institute of Technology is a college that provides science and technology education for at least four years. Some have graduate programs, others offer short-term courses.

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